MicroShed Testing

microshed-testing

ApplicationEnvironment options

MicroShed Testing core provides the org.microshed.testing.ApplicationEnvironment interface, which allows different options for determining how application runtimes are discovered, configured, and started.

How an ApplicationEnvironment is selected

Multiple ApplicationEnvironments may be available at any given time, but only one can be used. The ApplicationEnvironment in use is selected using the following priority:

  1. If the MICROSHED_TEST_ENV_CLASS system property or environment variable is explicitly set to a fully-qualified classname of an implementaiton of ApplicationEnvironment
  2. The java.util.ServiceLoader is used to discover ApplicationEnvironment implementations. They are sorted by ApplicationEnvironment#getPriority in descending order (higher numbers are chosen first) and then checked for availability using ApplicationEnvironment#isAvailable. The ApplicationEnvironment with the highest priority that isAvailable() is selected.

Built-in ApplicationEnvironment options

TestcontainersConfiguration (Priority: -30)

This is the default ApplicationEnvironment when the microshed-testing-testcontainers module is included. With this environment, Testcontainers is used to build, start, and stop all @Container annotated fields each time the tests run.

This environment is ideal for CI (continuous integration) situations. Thanks to Testcontainers, most CI environments are supported, including:

  • Travis CI
  • Circle CI
  • Github Pipelines
  • GitLab CI
  • Drone CI
  • Bitbucket Pipelines

HollowTestcontainersConfiguration (Priority: -20)

For local development it is convenient to leave the application started, and simply point the tests at an already running applicaiton instance. This is especially useful if your application runtime supports hot-updates (your IDE automatically recompiles your changes and updates the application without needing to restart the applicaiton runtime). Even if your application only takes 10 seconds to start, this time can quickly add up if you are doing local development and going through the inner development loop (code->build->test cycle) locally. For this scenario, the HollowTestcontainersConfiguration is ideal.

The envionment is called “hollow” because everything except your application will be started for each test invocation using Testcontainers. For example, suppose you have the following test class:

    @Container
    public static ApplicationContainer app = new ApplicationContainer()
                    .withAppContextRoot("/myservice")
                    .withEnv("MONGO_HOSTNAME", "testmongo")
                    .withEnv("MONGO_PORT", "27017");

    @Container
    public static GenericContainer<?> mongo = new GenericContainer<>("mongo:3.4")
                    .withNetworkAliases("testmongo");

With the default TestcontainersConfiguration, both the app and mongo containers would be started each time tests are run. With “hollow” mode, only the mongo container would be started each time the tests run, and instead of staring the app container the already-running application runtime will be used.

This environment is also provided by the microshed-testing-testcontainers module. To enable this environment, the following system properties or env vars must be set:

  • microshed_hostname: Indicates the hostname or IP address where the application is running. For example, localhost or 216.3.128.12.
  • microshed_http_port OR microshed_https_port: Indicates the HTTP or HTTPS port (respectively) that the application is available on

ManuallyStartedConfiguration (Priority: -10)

This environment is similar to the HollowTestcontainersConfiguration, except that no containers will be started at all. Using the example above, neither the app nor the mongo container would be started on each test invocation. This environment is ideal if external resources such as databases take a significant amount of time to start.

This environment is provided by the microshed-testing core module. To enable this environment, the following system properties or env vars must be set:

  • microshed_hostname: Indicates the hostname or IP address where the application is running. For example, localhost or 216.3.128.12.
  • microshed_http_port OR microshed_https_port: Indicates the HTTP or HTTPS port (respectively) that the application is available on
  • microshed_manual_env: Must be set to true in addition the the other required properties. This distinguishes enablement of this environment from the HollowTestcontainersConfiguration environment, which uses the same host and port properties.